Like Poltergeist II, prepare for CDOs II.
(Here is Poltergeist II trailer – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rH-B6A04iK0 )
Remember those financial instruments known as Collateralized Debt Obligations that caused the 2008 Great Recession? Well they never went away. In fact they are baaack.
The Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission concluded that CDOs were one of the major causes of the 2008 Great Recession as shown at this website.
For 2014, global CDO Issuance is back to 2004 levels valued at about $135 billion.
Collateralized loan obligations (CLOs) are CDOs based on bank loans. Many of the subprime loans have been packaged and sold as CLOs.
The following chart shows that Collateralized Loan Obligations (CLOs) in 2014 have reached the same level as 2007 or $35 billion. Total outstanding CLOs in the US amount to $300 billion.
Though the large financial institutions have backed away from collateralizing mortgages, they are now doing it for commodities such as gold, silver and oil. Here is one example.
Another problem is not the collateral but the reselling of the same assets. In 2007 one financial firm sold 610 out of 3,400 CDOs more than once. That is nearly 18%. Let me repeat. More than once.
Because buyers are dealing with paper not physical assets, how do they know they are trading real, actual commodities? If the markets started to go down and everyone wanted their physical commodities such as gold, what if there was not enough gold to meet all the obligations? Would there be an international panic?
Evidently CDOs were not selling as well as desired. So the banks have renamed them “bespoke tranche opportunities.”
BTOs are slightly different, as explained in this website.